What Colours Do Koi Fish Come In?

Koi fish are known for their vibrant and diverse colors, making them a popular choice among pond enthusiasts. These beautiful ornamental fish come in a wide range of hues, each with its own unique charm. Let’s explore the mesmerizing world of koi fish colors.

The Basic Colors

Koi fish can be categorized into several basic colors:

  • Red: This is one of the most common and striking colors found in koi fish. Shades of red can vary from deep crimson to bright orange.
  • White: White koi are known for their purity and simplicity.They often symbolize innocence and tranquility.
  • Black: Black koi can have solid black scales or may exhibit black patterns on other colors. They add a touch of elegance to any pond.
  • Yellow: These cheerful koi bring warmth and sunshine to your pond with their golden hues.
  • Blue: Blue koi are relatively rare compared to other colors but are highly sought after due to their calming presence.

Patterning and Variations

In addition to these basic colors, koi fish also exhibit various patterns and combinations that further enhance their beauty. Some common patterns include:

  • Kohaku: This classic pattern features a solid white body with bold red markings on the top.
  • Tancho: Tancho koi have a single red spot on top of their heads, often resembling the Japanese flag.
  • Showa: Showa koi have a black base with red and white markings, creating a dramatic contrast.
  • Goshiki: Goshiki koi combine black, white, and red patterns to create a stunning mosaic effect.

Rare and Exotic Colors

While the basic colors and patterns are widely popular, there are also some rare and exotic koi fish colors that are highly prized by collectors:

  • Platinum Ogon: These koi have a shimmering metallic silver or platinum body, giving them an ethereal appearance.
  • Kumonryu: Kumonryu koi exhibit a unique monochromatic pattern that changes with the seasons. They can be either black and white or gray and white.
  • Yamabuki Ogon: These koi feature a bright yellow or gold color, resembling the beautiful hues of autumn leaves.
  • Hariwake: Hariwake koi have a metallic silver base with golden markings that create a dazzling effect in sunlight.


Koi fish come in an incredible array of colors and patterns. Whether you prefer the classic beauty of red and white Kohaku or the rare allure of Platinum Ogon, there is a koi fish to suit every taste. Create your own aquatic masterpiece by carefully selecting these stunning fish for your pond.

Remember to provide proper care and maintenance to ensure their vibrant colors stay vibrant for years to come!

Photo of author

Michael Allen