What Are the Different Types of Koi Fish?

Koi fish are one of the most popular types of fish in the world. Known for their vibrant and diverse colors, these fish have become a favorite among pond enthusiasts and collectors alike.

However, with so many different types of koi fish to choose from, it can be challenging to decide which one is right for your pond or aquarium. In this article, we will explore the various types of koi fish in detail.

Common Koi Fish

The common koi fish is also known as the “magoi” or “black koi.” It is one of the oldest and most basic types of koi fish available. As its name suggests, this type of koi has a dark black color and is relatively plain compared to other types of koi.

Butterfly Koi

The butterfly koi is a long-finned variety that has become increasingly popular in recent years. This type of koi has longer fins than other varieties, giving it a distinct butterfly-like appearance. Butterfly koi come in a range of colors including white, black, and red.

Ghost Koi

Ghost koi are a hybrid cross between the wild carp and traditional koi varieties. This type of koi has a metallic sheen on its scales and comes in shades ranging from silver to gold. Ghost koi are known for their size and can grow up to 36 inches in length.

Fancy Koi Fish

Fancy koi fish are some of the most sought-after types among collectors because they have vibrant colors and unique patterns.

Kohaku Koi

The Kohaku is one of the most popular types of fancy koi because it has a bright white base with red markings. This type of koi has been bred for over 200 years in Japan and is considered a classic variety.

Tancho Koi

The Tancho koi has a solid white body with a single red dot on its head. This type of koi is highly prized in Japan and is considered a symbol of good luck.

Shusui Koi

The Shusui koi has blue scales along its back and red or orange markings on its sides. This type of koi was first developed in Japan in the early 1900s and is known for its unique coloration.


In summary, there are many different types of koi fish available, each with its own unique characteristics and traits. Whether you’re looking for a classic and simple variety like the common koi or something more exotic like the butterfly or ghost koi, there is sure to be a perfect match for your pond or aquarium.

Photo of author

Daniel Bennet