What Are the Different Types of Flies in Fly Fishing?

Fly fishing is one of the most popular forms of fishing in the world. It involves the use of artificial flies, called flies, to catch fish.

Different types of flies are used for different species of fish, and the type of fly used can have a major impact on success. Below is an overview of some of the different types of flies used in fly fishing.

Dry Flies

Dry flies are designed to float on top of the water, and they often imitate natural insects such as mayflies. These are typically small and lightweight, making them easy to cast and move around with ease. When using dry flies, it’s important to make sure that you’re using a pattern that matches the insect activity happening at your fishing spot.

Wet Flies

Wet flies are designed to sink beneath the surface and often imitate small baitfish or aquatic insects. They usually feature heavier materials than dry flies, making them easier to cast in windy conditions. Wet flies can be fished in stillwaters or rivers with varying levels of success.

Streamer Flies

Streamer flies are large and heavy, making them ideal for catching larger fish such as trout or bass. They typically feature bright colors that can attract fish from a distance, and they come in a variety of shapes and sizes depending on what kind of fish you’re trying to catch. Streamer patterns are often used when fishing fast-moving water.


Nymphs are designed to imitate aquatic insects in their larval stage. They can be used in both stillwaters and rivers alike, but they’re particularly effective when fished deep beneath the surface where most aquatic insects live. Nymphs often feature heavier materials than other types of flies because they need to sink quickly.


Fly fishing requires a certain level of knowledge when it comes to choosing the right type of fly for each species you might encounter. The four main types – dry fly, wet fly, streamer fly and nymph – all have their own advantages and disadvantages when Targeting different species in different conditions. Knowing which type of fly works best for your Target species will give you an advantage when out on the water.

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Daniel Bennet