Pole and line fishing is one of the oldest and most sustainable forms of fishing. It is a traditional technique that uses a single fishing rod, with either a hand-held line or a rod-and-reel combination, to catch fish.
This method is considered to be much more environmentally friendly than other forms of fishing, as it does not employ large nets or trawlers which can cause extensive damage to the seabed. Furthermore, pole and line fishing only Targets one species at a time, meaning that the impact on other species is minimised.
The sustainability of pole and line fishing depends on the species being Targeted and the number of fish being caught. For example, if an angler is Targeting larger game fish that are in limited numbers, such as marlin or tuna, then Pole and Line Fishing can be unsustainable if too many are caught. However, if an angler Targets smaller species such as mackerel or sardines that are plentiful in numbers then this practice can be sustainable.
In addition to this, pole and line fishermen often use techniques such as circle hooks that minimise damage to the fish being caught. Circle hooks are designed so that when a fish takes the bait it will hook itself in the corner of its mouth rather than in its gut or throat. This results in less damage to the fish as well as ensuring that it can survive and reproduce once released back into its natural habitat.
Another factor which contributes towards the sustainability of pole and line fishing is the fact that it typically requires less resources than other forms of commercial fishing. The equipment used for this type of fishing is relatively inexpensive compared to trawlers or gillnets which require large investments in order to be operated successfully.
Is Pole and Line Fishing Sustainable? The answer is yes – when applied responsibly it can be an effective tool for sustainable seafood production while protecting marine ecosystems from overfishing.
It requires less resources than other commercial fishing methods and also minimises damage to caught fish through practices such as using circle hooks. However it should be noted that when Targeting certain species such as marlin or tuna this method may not always be sustainable due to their limited numbers.