Outrigger canoes are popular watercrafts used for various activities such as racing, fishing, and recreation. If you own an outrigger canoe or plan to get one, you need to know how to rig it properly.
Rigging an outrigger canoe involves setting up the sail, mast, and outrigger iako (outrigger arms). In this article, we will discuss how to rig an outrigger canoe step by step.
Step 1: Assemble the Sail
The first step in rigging an outrigger canoe is assembling the sail. The sail comprises a mast (a long pole), a boom (a shorter pole), and the sail itself.
Start by attaching the boom to the bottom of the mast using a clip or pin. Then, insert the mast into the mast hole on the canoe. Secure it in place with a rope or bungee cord.
Step 2: Attach the Halyard
The halyard is a rope used to raise and lower the sail. Attach one end of the halyard to the top of the sail using a shackle or knot. Then, thread it through a pulley at the top of the mast and back down to the canoe’s cockpit.
Step 3: Attach Outrigger Iako
The next step is attaching your outrigger iako or arms which should be done before raising your sail. Place one end of each iako in its respective hole on either side of your canoe’s hull and attach it firmly with clips or pins.
Step 4: Attach Boom Vang
The boom vang is a rope that controls tension on your boom while sailing. It attaches from your boom down through blocks near each ama (outrigger float) then back up again where you can adjust its tension with a cleat placed near your cockpit.
Step 5: Hoist the Sail
With the halyard in place, you can now hoist the sail. Pull on the free end of the halyard while someone else holds onto the mast base to guide it up. When the sail is fully raised, secure the halyard using a cleat or knot.
Step 6: Adjust Sail and Outriggers
Once your sail is up and your outriggers are attached, you need to make some adjustments before you can start sailing. Adjust your boom vang tension to keep your boom parallel with your canoe’s hull.
Straighten out any wrinkles in your sail by adjusting its tension with your halyard or sheet lines (ropes that control sail angle). Finally, adjust each iako to ensure that both amas are level with each other and parallel to the canoe’s hull.
Rigging an outrigger canoe is crucial for a safe and successful sailing experience. Follow these steps carefully, and you’ll be ready to hit the water in no time. Remember to always check that everything is secure before setting off, stay aware of wind conditions, and most importantly have fun!